Steele Lab

The Steele Lab combines transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and neuroimaging research techniques with the goal of developing novel treatments for substance use disorders (SUDs).

Current studies involve targeting dysregulated circuits in SUD with TMS to elicit neuroplastic change and identify malleable circuits that, with chronic treatment, could lead to positive long-term outcomes treating SUDs. Acute and chronic neuroplasticity is assessed with both electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). 

Steele Lab Director

Vaughn R Steele, PhD

Steele Lab
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry,
Yale University School of Medicine

Current Research Projects

Neuroplastic Change Induced by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

This study examines whether TMS can modulate activity in executive functioning circuits in the brains of healthy people as well as those with opioid use disorder (OUD) in order to assess the potential of these circuits as targets for treatment of OUD with TMS. [Funded by NIH/NIDA and HHC] . To participate click here.

Modulation of Circuits in an Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) sample

This study uses fMRI and TMS to explore how intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) induces neuroplastic change in individuals with OUD. Results could inform future studies of iTBS as a treatment for OUD. [Funded by NIH/NIDA and HHC]. To participate click here.

Recent Publications


Steele, V. R. (2020). Transcranial magnetic stimulation as an interventional tool for addiction. Frontiers in Neuroscience: Neural Technologies, 14, 592343

Steele, V. R. (2020). Transcranial magnetic stimulation and addiction: Toward uncovering known unknowns. EBioMedicine, 57, 102839

Lee, M. R., Caparelli, E. C., Leff, M., Steele, V. R., Maxwell, A. M., McCullough, K., & Salmeron, B. J. (2020). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation delivered with an H-coil to the right insula reduces functional connectivity between insula and medial prefrontal cortex. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface, 23(3), 384-392.


Maurer, J. M., Steele, V. R., Vincent, G. M., Rao, V., Calhoun, V. D., & Kiehl, K. A. (2019). Adolescent psychopathic traits negatively related to hemodynamic activity within the basal ganglia during error-related processing. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47(12), 1917-1929.

Steele, V. R., Maxwell, A. M., Ross, T. J., Stein, E. A., & Salmeron, B. J. (2019). Accelerated intermittent theta-burst stimulation as a treatment for cocaine use disorder: A proof-of-concept study. Frontiers in Neuroscience: Neural Technologies, 13, 1147.

Liu, Y., van den Wildenberg, W. P. M., de Graaf, Y., Ames, S. L., Baldacchino, A., Bø, R., Cadaveira, F., Campanella, S., Christiansen, P., Claus, E. D., Colzato, L. S., Filbey, F. M., Foxe, J. F., Garavan, H., Hendershot, C. S., Hester, R., Jester, J. R., Karoly, H. C., Kräplin, A., Kreusch, F., Landrø, N. I., Littel, M., Steins-Loeber, S., London, E. D., López-Caneda, E., Lubman, D. I., Luijten, M., Marczinski, C. A., Metrik, J., Montgomery, C., Papachristou, H., Park, S. M., Paz, A. L., Petit, G., Prisciandaro, J. J., Quednow, B. B., Ray, L. A., Roberts, C. A., Roberts, G. M. P., de Ruiter, M. B., Rupp, C. I., Steele, V. R., Sun, D., Takagi, M., Tapert, S. F., van Holst, R. J., Verdejo-Garcia, A., Vonmoos, M., Wojnar, M., Yao, Y., Yücel, M., Zack, M., Zucker, R. A., Huizenga, H. M., & Wiers, R. W. (2019). Is (poly-) substance use associated with impaired inhibitory control? A mega-analysis controlling for confounders. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 105, 288-304.

Ekhtiari, H., Tavakoli, H., Addolorato, G., Baeken, C., Bonci, A., Campanella, S., Castelo-Branco, L., Challet-Bouju, G., Clark, V. P., Claus, E. D., Dannon, P. N., Del Felice, A., den Uyl, T., Diana, M., di Giannantonio, M., Fedota, J. R., Fitzgerald, P., Gallimberti, L., Grall-Bronnec, M., Herremans, S. C., Herrmann, M. J., Jamil, A., Khedr, E., Kouimtsidis, C., Kozak, K., Krupitsky, E., Lamm, C., Lechner, W. V., Madeo, G., Malmir, N., Martinotti, G., McDonald, W., Montemitro, C., Nakamura-Palacios, E., Nasehi, M., Noël, X., Nosratabadi, M., Paulus, M., Pettorruso, M., Pradhan, B., Praharaj, S. K., Rafferty, H., Sahlem, G., Salmeron, B. J., Sauvaget, A., Schluter, R. S., Sergiou, C., Shahbabaie, A., Sheffer, C., Spagnolo, P. A., Steele, V. R., Yuan, T-F., van Dongen, J., Van Waes, V., Venkatasubramanian, G., Verdejo-García, A., Verveer, I., Welsh, J., Wesley, M. J., Witkiewitz, K., Yavari, F., Zarrindast, M-R., Zawertailo, L., Zhang, X., Cha, Y-H., George, T. P., Frohlich, F., Goudriaan, A. E., Fecteau, S., Daughters, S., Stein, E. A., Fregni, F., Nitsche, M. A., Zangen, A., Bikson, M., Hanlon, C. A. (2019). Transcranial electrical and magnetic stimulation (tES and TMS) for addiction medicine: A consensus paper on the present state of the science and the road ahead. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 104, 118-140.

*For a full list of publications, see Google Scholar. Email Dr. Steele or the Steele Lab to request PDFs. 

Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center

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